What helps against hair loss? This is the crucial question for most of those affected. The answer depends on the nature and cause of excessive hair loss. For example, a hormonally hereditary alopecia is treated differently than a circular hair loss or a hair loss due to malnutrition. All in all, the success of a drug or other therapy against hair loss can be difficult to estimate-one treatment is not the other.
Hair Loss Medications
Finasteride was originally prescribed only for benign prostate hyperplasia. As physicians discovered that in some patients under finasteride the hair growth improved, developed companies own preparations against hereditary pattern baldness. Finasteride can stop the progression of hair loss in those affected. Sometimes the hair are also condensed again. However, the effect is usually only after three to six months. If the drug is dropped, the hair will fall off again. For women, this remedy is not suitable for hair loss, as in pregnant women, damage to the fetus cannot be ruled out.
As Finasteride, Minoxidil was originally intended to treat a completely different disease-hypertension. This was also observed as a side effect of increased hair growth. As a result, researchers developed a minoxidil-containing hair tincture, which is approved for external use in case of hereditary hair loss. In female patients, minoxidil is considered to be the most effective therapy.
Usually circular hair loss is treated externally with cortisone creams or solutions. They are intended to alleviate the inflammatory immune response in the affected areas. In some patients, this can actually stop hair loss and make new hair sprout, but not in others. If the treatment is successful, then generally only as long as it lasts: we end the kortisontherapy, the hair often fall out again.In certain cases, the doctor can also administer cortisone syringes in the bare places. Severe hair loss can also be treated with cortisone in tablet form. However, the risk of side effects is particularly high.
If circular hair loss has led to larger bald spots, a topical immune therapy may help. By using the active ingredient Diphencypron, a specific allergic contact dermatitis is triggered and maintained by repeated treatment. This is to “distract” the immune cells from an attack on the hair roots. Experts suspect an autoimmune reaction in circular hair loss; an attack of immune cells on the hair roots due to a faulty control of the immune system.