Hyperglycemia is the technical term for an elevated blood glucose level typical of diabetes. In the long run, high blood glucose levels can damage vessels and organs.
The body cells need glucose to gain energy from it. This involves the body over the food. If the blood glucose level rises in healthy people as a result of a meal, the body amplifies the hormone insulin, which promotes the uptake of glucose from the blood into the cells.
Hyperglycemia is the technical term for elevated blood glucose levels. The Diabetes mellitus disease is defined by chronic too high blood glucose levels. In the case of diabetes type 2, patients have insulin resistance, and the cells act worse or not at all on the hormone. In type 1 diabetes, insulin deficiency is the cause of increased sugar levels in the blood.
Effect of Hyperglycemia
Insulin deficiency or insulin resistance can cause blood glucose levels to increase. This can be dangerous especially for type 1 diabetes if there is an absolute lack of insulin. This can lead to very high sugar levels and hyperacidification of the blood , which can ultimately result in a diabetic coma.
However, even long-term damage to high values the body in many areas. The increased blood sugar, for example, promotes vascular calcification. The result can be a heart attack or a stroke. Eyes, nerves and kidneys can also be damaged in a permanent hyperglycemia.
In particular, diabetes type 1 is often only diagnosed by the typical signs of a hyperglycemia, as it increases urinate, at the same time increasing thirst and a significant loss of weight. Often these complaints are not taken seriously, because the person concerned believes that the frequent toilet passage is the logical consequence of the many drinking water. But exactly the opposite is the case: the thirst is increased because the body has to compensate for the high water loss.