Siabetes children is fortunately a rarity and occurs almost only in the context of an innate disorder of the development of the pancreas or insulin production. However, a type 1 diabetes children may already occur in infants or small children. Over the last few decades, the number of children suffering from diabetes has steadily increased slightly for unexplained reasons. Most children with diabetes have type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune defect that leads to the destruction of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.
Diabetes in Young Children
The type 2 diabetes, whose occurrence is mainly associated with overweight, malnutrition and lack of exercise, is fortunately very rare in children.
The classic signs are more thirsty and more water dissolve. This often leads, for example, to the fact that children who were “dry” during a longer period of time start to wet at the bed again. Often, the increased thirst is not immediately noticeable, as today more drinking is considered healthy in many places, and parents often rejoice when their little ones follow this ideal. However, excessive hydration is not a sign of health and should be clarified.
Diabetes In Children
Furthermore, diabetes in children can be caused by a performance in school or in sports, increased fatigue, change of nature and weight loss. Signs of severe derailment of the metabolic situation are abdominal pain, vomiting and consciousness restriction. This situation is a medical emergency.
Type 1 diabetes must always be treated with insulin, regardless of age. For smaller children, who usually have a relatively regular daily routine with 5 to 6 main and intermediate meals and fixed bedtimes, there is often a conservative insulin therapy with a mixture of short and long-effective insulin. For smaller children this is carried out by the parents, and after a certain period of time is tolerated by the little ones without any problems. Already in the first years of school many children take on a part of the therapy: for example blood glucose measurement or injection of a prepared insulin dose, under parental supervision, increasingly themselves.