Depression Increases Among Top Industrialized Countries
Depression is among the most common mental illnesses in Europe. Due to the often long duration of the disease and frequently recurring symptoms, the disease is of great general and economic importance. The cause of depression is usually a combination of different social, psychological and physical factors. For the medical diagnosis of depression there are several criterias like the difficulty being that the symptoms of the disease are manifold and the diagnosis cannot be based on objectively measurable values.
Most Depressed Countries
Depressions affect the patient in all aspects of his or her lifestyle. They are important for the illness and its environment. Absenteeism due to depression as well as a reduced productivity of the sick person at work, which is difficult to quantify, are of particular consequence for individual companies and the economy.
Studies indicate an increase in the disease with depression in recent years. As part of a project on global disease burden, a population-based assessment of the healthy life years that are lost due to illnesses has been made. The data show that depression is already one of the diseases in the industrialized nations that are attributable to a significant loss of healthy life years. If the trend continues to increase in the number of illnesses, depression in the year 2030 could become the most common disease in the industrialized nations.
Risk Of Depression Increases
According to the present results, women were almost twice as likely to be affected by depression as men, with increasing age, rising absenteeism and prescription rates are showing up shortly before the retirement age. Indications of reduced risk of illness are found in higher education and vocational training and accordingly also primarily for employees in occupations with higher qualifications as well as with technical-craftsman orientation. In contrast, workers with lower qualifications and social professions tend to be more likely to be affected.
In the course of the 15 years, differences between the federal states have decreased in view of work disorders with depression as well as with regard to regulations of antidepressants. This could indicate an approximation of living conditions, but also an approximation of the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies of physicians.